The Bihar Public Service Commission BPSC: Streamlining Civil Services

The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) plays a crucial role in the recruitment process for various civil services positions in the state of Bihar, India. Established in 1949, the BPSC is responsible for conducting competitive examinations and selecting eligible candidates for administrative, police, and other government services. Over the years, the commission has evolved to meet the changing needs of the state and has made significant strides in ensuring transparency, efficiency, and fairness in the recruitment process.

History and Evolution

The BPSC has a rich history that spans more than seven decades. Initially, it was modeled after the British Public Service Commission, with a focus on selecting candidates for the civil services based on their merit. However, over time, the commission underwent several reforms to make the recruitment process more inclusive and transparent.

In recent years, the BPSC has embraced technology to streamline its operations. Online application systems, e-admit cards, and result announcements have made the process more accessible and convenient for applicants. The commission has also adopted a fair and impartial approach, ensuring that the selection process is based solely on merit and eligibility criteria.

Understanding the BPSC Exam

The BPSC exam is conducted in three stages:

  1. **Preliminary Exam**: This is an objective type exam with questions covering general studies. It serves as a screening test to select candidates for the main examination.
  2. **Main Exam**: This is a descriptive type exam consisting of four papers – General Hindi, General Studies Paper 1, General Studies Paper 2, and an optional subject paper chosen by the candidate.
  3. **Interview**: The final stage is a personal interview to assess the candidate’s personality, suitability for public service, and overall knowledge.

Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Preliminary Exam

– **General Studies**: This includes topics like Indian History, Geography, Polity, Economy, General Science, Current Affairs, and Bihar-specific knowledge.

Main Exam

– **General Hindi**: This paper tests basic proficiency in Hindi and includes essay writing, grammar, and comprehension.

– **General Studies Paper 1**: Topics include Modern History of India, Indian Culture, Current Events of National and International Importance, Statistical Analysis, Diagrams, and Graphs.

– **General Studies Paper 2**: Topics include Indian Polity, Indian Economy and Geography, Role and Impact of Science and Technology in the Development of India.

– **Optional Subject**: Candidates can choose from a wide range of subjects such as History, Geography, Public Administration, Sociology, etc.

Roles and Responsibilities

The primary responsibility of the BPSC is to conduct competitive examinations for various civil services positions. This includes the prestigious Bihar Administrative Service (BAS), Bihar Police Service (BPS), Bihar Financial Service (BFS), and others. The commission releases detailed notifications outlining the eligibility criteria, syllabus, and examination pattern for each position.

The BPSC also undertakes the crucial task of evaluating and selecting candidates through a rigorous examination process. It includes preliminary exams, main exams, and interviews. The commission ensures that the evaluation process is fair, transparent, and free from any biases.

Moreover, the BPSC plays an advisory role to the state government on matters related to the recruitment and promotion of civil servants. It provides recommendations on policy matters, syllabus revisions, and other aspects to improve the quality and efficiency of the civil services in Bihar.


– The interview assesses the candidate’s mental alertness, critical powers of assimilation, clear and logical exposition, balance of judgment, variety and depth of interest, ability for social cohesion, and leadership skills.

Effective Preparation Strategies

  1. **Understand the Syllabus and Exam Pattern**

Familiarize yourself with the detailed syllabus and exam pattern. This will help you identify the important topics and allocate your study time effectively.

  1. **Create a Study Plan**

Draft a comprehensive study plan that covers all topics systematically. Allocate specific time slots for each subject and stick to your schedule. Ensure you have ample time for revision and practice tests.

  1. **Collect Study Materials**

Gather all necessary study materials, including standard textbooks, reference books, and previous years’ question papers. Some recommended books are:

– **History**: “India’s Struggle for Independence” by Bipan Chandra

– **Geography**: “Certificate Physical and Human Geography” by Goh Cheng Leong

– **Polity**: “Indian Polity” by M. Laxmikanth

– **Economy**: “Indian Economy” by Ramesh Singh

– **Science**: NCERT textbooks

  1. **Read Newspapers and Current Affairs**

Stay updated with current events by reading newspapers daily. Focus on national and international news, especially topics related to Bihar. Magazines like “Pratiyogita Darpan” can also be useful.

  1. **Practice Writing**

For the mains exam, practice writing essays and answers regularly. Focus on clarity, coherence, and presentation. Join a test series to get accustomed to the exam format and improve your writing speed and accuracy.

  1. **Take Mock Tests**

Regularly take mock tests to evaluate your preparation. Analyze your performance, identify weak areas, and work on improving them. Mock tests also help in time management during the actual exam.

  1. **Revise Regularly**

Regular revision is crucial to retain what you have studied. Make concise notes of important points and revise them frequently. This will help reinforce your knowledge and keep you prepared for the exam.

Interview Preparation

For the interview, focus on developing a balanced personality and clear articulation of thoughts. Read extensively about current affairs, the socio-economic issues of Bihar, and general knowledge. Practice mock interviews to build confidence and improve your communication skills.

Reforms and Initiatives

In recent years, the BPSC has taken several measures to enhance the efficiency and transparency of the recruitment process. One significant reform is the introduction of an online application system, which has simplified the application process and reduced paperwork. This has made it more convenient for candidates to apply for various positions.

The commission has also made efforts to diversify the recruitment process by introducing reservations and concessions for socially and economically disadvantaged sections of society. This has provided equal opportunities for candidates from marginalized backgrounds to compete for civil services positions.

To ensure fairness and transparency, the BPSC has implemented a robust examination and evaluation system. The question papers are designed to test the candidates’ knowledge, analytical skills, and decision-making abilities. The evaluation process is conducted by a panel of experts, ensuring unbiased assessment and selection.

The BPSC has also made efforts to provide guidance and support to aspiring candidates. It conducts orientation programs, coaching classes, and publishes study materials to help candidates prepare for the examinations effectively.


The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) has played a pivotal role in recruiting competent and dedicated civil servants for the state of Bihar. With its commitment to transparency, fairness, and efficiency, the BPSC has set a benchmark for other state public service commissions. By embracing technology, implementing reforms, and providing support to candidates, the commission has made the recruitment process more accessible and inclusive. As Bihar continues to progress, the BPSC will continue to play a crucial role in selecting the best talent to serve the state and its people.


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