Biodiversity Hotspots of Kerala: Visit Wildlife

As we continue to cherish and protect these precious habitats, may they serve as a reminder of the importance of preserving our planet’s biodiversity for generations to come. Kerala’s wildlife wonders not only highlight the state’s natural beauty but also underscore the critical role that conservation efforts play in maintaining the delicate balance of our ecosystems. Through sustainable tourism and community-driven initiatives, Kerala trip package sets an example for the world, demonstrating how human activities can coexist harmoniously with nature.

Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Located just a short drive from Kerala’s capital city, Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary is a verdant oasis amidst the urban landscape. Spread across the scenic Neyyar reservoir, this sanctuary covers an area of 128 square kilometers and is home to a diverse array of wildlife. Located just a short drive from Kerala’s capital city, Neyyar Wildlife Sanctuary is a verdant oasis amidst the urban landscape. Spread across the scenic Neyyar reservoir, this sanctuary covers an area of 128 square kilometers and is home to a diverse array of wildlife.

Ecological Richness

Neyyar’s landscapes range from tropical wet evergreen forests to dry deciduous forests, supporting a wide variety of plant and animal life. The sanctuary is home to the endangered Nilgiri Tahr, the elusive Sloth Bear, and a plethora of reptiles, including the King Cobra and Python. The Neyyar reservoir and its surrounding wetlands are crucial habitats for many bird species.

Visitor Experience

Visitors can explore its lush forests on guided treks, encountering everything from colorful butterflies to playful otters along the way. The Neyyar Dam and its adjoining lake offer opportunities for boating, providing a different perspective on the sanctuary’s wildlife. The crocodile farm and lion safari park within the sanctuary are additional attractions that offer educational insights into wildlife conservation.

Parambikulam Tiger Reserve

Located in the Palakkad district, the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is a testament to Kerala’s dedication to preserving its wildlife heritage. Spanning an area of 643 square kilometers, the reserve is a mosaic of diverse habitats, including moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests, and evergreen forests.

Wildlife Diversity

The reserve is a haven for tigers, with one of the highest densities of these majestic cats in India. In addition to tigers, Parambikulam is home to other predators like leopards, dhole (wild dogs), and a variety of herbivores, including gaur, sambar, and spotted deer. The rich birdlife includes species like the Great Hornbill, Malabar Pied Hornbill, and numerous endemic birds.

Ecotourism and Conservation

Parambikulam is also known for its successful community-based ecotourism initiatives. The local tribal communities are actively involved in the management and conservation efforts of the reserve, providing guided tours and sharing their traditional knowledge with visitors. Activities include trekking, camping, and bamboo rafting, offering immersive experiences in nature.

Eravikulam National Park

Eravikulam National Park, located in the Idukki district, is renowned for its scenic beauty and unique wildlife. Covering an area of 97 square kilometers, the park is situated along the Western Ghats and features rolling hills and shola-grassland ecosystems.

Unique Fauna

Eravikulam is home to the largest population of the endangered Nilgiri Tahr, a mountain goat species found only in the Western Ghats. The park also hosts other wildlife such as the Nilgiri Marten, Small-clawed Otter, and a variety of bird species, including the endemic Nilgiri Pipit.

Tourist Attractions

One of the main attractions in Eravikulam is the Anamudi Peak, the highest peak in South India, offering stunning panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. The park is particularly famous for the Neelakurinji flowers, which bloom once every twelve years, painting the hillsides in a vibrant blue hue.

Anamudi Shola National Park

Situated in the Idukki district, the Anamudi Shola National Park is a relatively small protected area covering about 7.5 square kilometers. Despite its size, the park is a crucial biodiversity hotspot, featuring unique montane shola forests and grasslands.

Flora and Fauna

The park supports a rich variety of plant species, many of which are endemic to the Western Ghats. Wildlife in the park includes the Nilgiri Tahr, Indian Bison, and various species of birds and butterflies. The park’s ecosystems are essential for the conservation of these species and the maintenance of the region’s ecological balance.

Visitor Experience

Visitors to Anamudi Shola can enjoy trekking and birdwatching, exploring the park’s lush landscapes and diverse habitats. The park’s serene environment and scenic beauty make it a perfect destination for nature enthusiasts and photographers.


Kerala honeymoon tour packages are a testament to the state’s commitment to conservation and preservation. From the misty peaks of Silent Valley to the tranquil backwaters of Thattekad, each sanctuary offers a unique glimpse into the wonders of the natural world. The state’s rich tapestry of wildlife and natural habitats provides invaluable opportunities for education, research, and ecotourism.

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